Over the past decade, Living Labs have become an established part of local and regional innovation systems, using a variety of methods and tools, and focusing on a wide array of domains and themes.
However, the experimental, learning-by-doing set up of Living Labs within various application domains and the disconnection between individual Living Labs, has lead to a wide variation of approaches, results and impacts of Living Lab activities. Furthermore, the economic logic and business models for Living Labs remain underdeveloped. Therefore, as this innovation instrument matures, it is paramount to ensure that its main strength in terms of local applicability does not turn into a significant weakness in terms of the relevance, validity and robustness of Living Lab test results.
Reflecting these concerns, ENoLL Nordic project primarily aimed at benchmarking and harmonizing best practices for setting up and conducting individual Living Lab research.