The report offers an overview on innovation system concepts, structural elements, internal interactions and barriers.
The IRE Working Group on Effective Regional Innovation Systems (ERIS) was set up in autumn 2006 bringing together representatives from 15 IRE member regions: Bavaria, Castilla y León, Crete, East Sweden, Flanders, Helsinki, Lower Austria, the Province of Milan, the Province of North Brabant, Hungary’s North Great Plain, Rhone-Alps, Kent, Southern Denmark, Wielkopolska, and Yorkshire and Humber. The Working Group representatives work for organisations in charge of the promotion of the innovation capacity of their regions, such as regional governments and authorities, regional development agencies and regional innovation agencies.
The mission of the ERIS Working Group was to better understand how the effectiveness of regionalised innovation systems can be enhanced. The group’s final report, which was presented at the IRE conference in Rennes on 5-6 June 2008, offers a bird’s-eye view on regional innovation systems concepts, structural elements, internal interactions, and barriers. Six critical factors identified by the ERIS Group members that affect the success of the innovation systems are examined:
- need orientation;
As regional innovation systems require good governance, trends and issues in regional governance in the innovation field are discussed, including governance principles, challenges, instruments and different approaches to innovation policymaking. Since regions are not alone in a globalised world, the issue of multilevel governance is addressed; reflection on how regions can influence or be influenced by higher and lower decision-making systems is provided. Many aspects explored in the report are illustrated with regional practices implemented in the ERIS member regions which focus on rationales, innovative measures and outcomes.
Finally, a number of recommendations are offered providing regional decision-makers with a number of policy options based on available experience and knowledge at the ERIS participating regions.